Basics Dog Training Home Page
Guide To Diagnosing And Treating Dog
Dog Health Problems
one of the most important people in your dog's life. You should
choose your veterinarian just as you select your own doctor..
Dog Health Emergencies
an emergency or an accident, you can
reduce your dog’s immediate pain.......
a number of pet grooming
methods that can be used to groom your dog ....
Rewards And Punishments In Puppy Training
Puppies and dogs learn new
things or change their behavior only if the undesirable behavior is
punished or the desirable behavior rewarded. We can reward a dog for
performing certain tasks on command, such as sitting, lying down, or
coming, with simple petting, affection, and praise. You can also use
rewards for coming when called, for sitting when strangers arrive at
the door rather than jumping up on them, or for going to rest on his
bed when people are visiting.
For rewards you can use reinforcement such as petting or verbal
reassurance like saying "good dog." Another reward is food treats, if
given judiciously, especially foods the puppy really enjoys such as a
piece of meat. It is not our position that using food treats to train
puppies "spoils" them, because the treat may simply be phased out by
giving it less and less frequently, while retaining the praise and
Most puppies learn rapidly and quite willingly if there are rewards,
and in most cases punishment is not necessary. Praise and affection,
along with food treats, can be used to house-train puppies, especially
when they are taken outdoors and can eliminate in a desirable area.
Punishment can be thought of as being either interactive or remote. In
interactive punishment, the owner hits an animal with his hand or with
a rolled-up newspaper, shouts at it, or in other ways makes it obvious
that an aversive stimulus is coming from the person. The animal clearly
associates the unpleasant stimulus with the person giving it.
Unfortunately, dog owners are frequently misguided about how to use
Interactive punishment is indicated when owners must assert their
dominance over dogs to maintain an acceptable dominant-subordinate
relationship, especially when threatened. A dog's growling or snapping
at you when it is not a reflection of fear is best met with force. Dogs
are social animals that respond naturally to factors in a dominance
hierarchy, and their growling or snapping at you is an indication that
they have not completely accepted your dominant position. In fact,
insufficient dominance, one of the most common behavioral problems of a
dog-owner relationship, often stems from a lack of assertiveness on the
Breeds differ in the degree to which they display a tendency to be
dominant over their owners. The tendency to be dominant also varies
with whether we are dealing with male or female dogs. A breed such as a
Shetland Sheepdog, which is very low on tendency to be dominant, may
never need to be confronted with interactive punishment, whereas a
Doberman Pinscher or Akita may need periodic reinforcement of the
dominance position with a sharp voice.
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Using Rewards And
Punishments In Puppy Training